We will give some informations about Acne Vulgaris Treatment Methods. Acne vulgaris treatment methods are very popular these days but how effective is it?

Acne in adults: what is it?

Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands: those who make the sebum, the fat necessary for the formation of a protective film on the face. Small pimples or small cysts open on the surface of the epidermis and the sebum is oxidized in the air, blackens thus forming the black dot also called comedone in dermatology. The cysts can also sometimes crack and cause inflammation, it is the red button or papule and this inflammation will liquefy the sebum prisoner.

Acne Vulgaris Treatment Ways for Patients

The obturation of the sebaceous glands may be due to a thicker sebum secreted in large quantities and more particularly under the action of hormonal secretions including androgens. These hormones, known as skin disorders, are produced in large quantities during adolescence in boys and in smaller quantities in women by the ovaries and adrenal glands. This sebum becomes thick then causes a multiplication of superficial cells of the skin and clog pores. In addition, in this environment rich in fat, a bacterium usually present in small amounts on the skin proliferates, it is called Propionibacterium acnes and then causes an inflammatory response from the skin.


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There are different acne lesions:

  • Black dots in the pores also called open comedones.
  • White dots slightly bulging and hard or closed comedones: they are closed microcysts.
  • Red pimples without pus called papules often closed and sensitive to pressure.
  • Red pimples with pus called pustules that are often bulky and painful.
  • Finally, the severity of acne is evaluated according to the affected areas: face, back, chest.
  • We are talking about : Minor acne when some comedones appear on the face.
  • Acne mean when in addition to comedones occur papules and red pustules that invade more or less the face and can win the shoulders, back …
  • Severe acne when nodules and cysts appear in addition to other existing lesions and these nodules may leave significant scars.

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We will review and give some infomations about Acne Vulgaris Definition. Acne vulgaris defintion  is very popular lately, but how effective is it?

Myths about acne vulgaris

Contrary to certain ideas that circulate, acne is not caused by poor hygiene of the skin, nor by a great sexual activity;

Diet is not considered a cause of acne. However, in some cases, acne can be aggravated by one or more specific foods.

Possible complications

The deeper lesions (cysts) can leave scars.The prolonged presence of many pimples or lesions on the face and body can damage the image and self-esteem, especially among teenagers. It can increase stress in social relationships.

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Symptoms of acne

  • The face, neck, and thorax are the regions with the most sebaceous glands. That’s why acne focuses on it.
  • Open comedones or blackheads: a blackhead appears because the sebum-skin cell mixture changes color upon coming into contact with the air;
  • Closed comedones: come in the form of white buttons. They are caused by the crowding and dilation of hair follicles due to excess sebum;
  • Papules: These are red buttons. Redness indicates inflammation. They can be sensitive to touch;
  • Pustules: These are lesions containing pus. They can be red at their base and sensitive to touch. They are formed when the obstruction of the follicle causes an accumulation of bacteria;
  • Nodules: These lesions are larger, deeper and more painful to the touch than pustules. They are hard to the touch;
  • Cysts: like nodules, they form balls, but are located deeper under the skin.

What is acne vulgaris

Acne Vulgaris Definition and Guide for Patients

Acne is a disorder, probably genetically determined, of the pilosebaceous follicle.

Acne is a very common reason for consultation: it affects nearly 70% of adolescents.

It is a disease of the sebaceous pilose follicle which associates several well identified anomalies:

  • A hyperproduction of sebum: it is a fatty secretion which is produced by the sebaceous gland, active under the influence of the hormones produced by the testicles and the ovaries, the androgens, and which begins before puberty
  • An obstruction of the follicular canal thus preventing the normal elimination of sebum with the formation of micro cysts or blackheads
  • Inflammation due to the proliferation of microbial agents
  • It is in adolescence that the lesions appear on the face, the chest and the back.

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Acne: the combined treatment

It is the combination of a local treatment with an oral treatment using either zinc or cyclins associated or not with hormone therapy (pill effective on acne) in the girl or the woman . Given the latest information on thromboembolic risks, the choice of the oestroprogestatif (pill) in an acne woman in need of contraception is positioned on a pill containing levonorgestrel, first intention and in case of failure at 6 months, norgestimate.

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Treatment of acne by homeopathy

Acne can be treated with homeopathy as an accompaniment to traditional treatments or as a relay for them. However, it will be advisable to consult before any treatment his homeopathic doctor in order to establish precisely the ground of each individual and to adapt then the strains and homeopathic posologies to use.

For microcysts and dominant blackheads it is possible to take:

  • Selenium metallicum 7CH: 3 to 5 granules twice a day.
  • Ledum palustre 7CH: 3 to 5 granules 2 times a day.
  • For papule stages: Infected and painful microcysts:
  • Eugenia hamosa 7CH: 3 to 5 granules 2 times a day.
  • Kalium bromatum 7CH: 3 to 5 granules twice a day.

Acne vulgaris causes

The Best Makeup For Severe Acne Vulgaris on Face

More particularly for adult acne:

– Sepia officinalis 7Ch: 3 to 5 granules 2 times a day.

– Natrum muriaticum 7CH: 3 to 5 granules twice a day.

– Silicea 7CH, 5CH graphites to limit scars and promote healing.

In any case, ask your pharmacist for advice.

Acne treatment by aromatherapy

CAUTION: Great caution is always required in the use of essential oils: always seek advice from the pharmacist for the use and dosage of essential oils that are sometimes not usable in pregnant women, in case of allergy and in child under 12 years old.

The main essential oil used in the treatment of acne is Essential Oil of Tea Tree (Tea Tree) with a drop mixed with the usual day cream.

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Makeup For Severe Acne : Natural healing

Essential Oils of Thyme and Lavender can also be used. Note the presence in the form of roller blends of essential oils specifically dedicated to the treatment of acne which allows to directly apply the essential oil mixture on the area to be treated without contaminating it by microorganisms hands !
So do not let acne pimples spoil your life and tarnish the day when you wake up because in the mirror are standing ugly buttons just the day you have to talk in public, take photos, have an important appointment !

No to the dictation of the buttons! Solutions exist for all forms of adult acne whether they are moderate or more severe, do not hesitate to seek advice from your pharmacist or doctor. But, keep in mind that an anti-acne treatment is long and that it is part of a process of using care products, hygiene, makeup adapted but also by a healthy diet and reducing stress to a minimum!

We will review and give some informations about Medical Treatment For Acne Vulgaris. Medical acne treatment is very popular lately, but how effective is it?


Acne affects about 110 million people in Europe. This is the first cause of consultation at the dermatologist. Indeed, sufferers suffer a lot psychologically due to the physical alteration caused by the disease.

It is a disease of the pilosebaceous follicle (hair + sebaceous gland). Indeed, at the base of each hair is a sebaceous gland that secretes sebum. But when the sebaceous gland is affected by acne, it is blocked by a sebum become too thick or secreted too much. The disease then spreads over the face, torso, back and forearms essentially.

Methods of Medical Treatment For Acne Vulgaris

There are several kinds of acne:

Retentional acne characterized by shiny skin, dilated pores and the presence of blackheads (comedones) and whiteheads (microcysts).

Inflammatory acne that corresponds to a microbial proliferation inside these blackheads and whiteheads. At this stage, papules and pustules appear even nodules.

Cystic acne caused by untreated or poorly treated inflammatory lesions that caused a change in the structure of the skin and often scars.

The most serious forms being acne conglobata and acne fulminans.

Acne mainly affects adolescents but adults can also suffer. It is the back in men that is affected most often and the lower face in women. The latter usually suffer from an excess of male hormones. Indeed sex hormones have an important role in the development of acne. Which explains why teenagers are the most affected.

To treat acne, you must combine a healthy lifestyle (avoid the sun, stress and tobacco) dermatological treatment followed drastically.

The treatment will be local (gel or lotion to clean the skin + local anti-acne treatment + moisturizing cream to compensate for the drying effects of the treatment), combined (local treatment + antibiotics or oral hormones) or isotretinoin with biological monitoring and psychological essential.

Acne Treatment

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Medical Treatment For Acne Vulgaris : Detailed Information and Guide

Understanding acne

In the disease of the pilosebaceous follicle, acne affects around 110 million people in European countries and most of them adolescents, but also around 20% of patients are adult women.

Acne: the most common disease at the dermatologist

Acne is the disease to which the dermatologist is most frequently confronted. Acne affects about 80% of adolescents (15% with severe acne) and about 25% of adults, especially women. It is a so-called auto inflammatory disease: it combines changes in the normal functioning of the skin and an infection with a bacterium, Propionibacterium acnes.

Beyond pimples, acne is a real public health issue

Acne is the skin disease that has the most significant psychological impact in patients. Why ? Because acne changes the body image of individuals at key moments in life (adolescence, the young woman) and because it reaches the face. It interferes in the relationship with others.

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Acne: inflammatory lesions

The inflammatory phase begins as soon as there is enough bacteria in the sebaceous gland to cause a defense response of the body and inflammation of the follicle.

Papules are elevations of the skin, red, firm and sometimes painful which measure from one to four millimeters. They are surrounded by an inflammatory halo. They may appear spontaneously at this stage or develop on a pre-existing comedo. They express the infection of the sebaceous gland by a microbe, a specific bacterium of acne called propionibacterium acnes, usually present in sebum. At this stage, the infection of the pilosebaceous follicle is superficial but may progress to the pustule stage.

Natural Acne Skin Care Advices for Patients

The pustules surmount the papules, they are frankly inflammatory containing a purulent yellowish liquid. There are several microbes that grow on the same site. This purulent fluid can evacuate or form nodules by breaking in the deep layers of the skin. The nodule is the evolutionary stage following the pustule, with progression of infection to the dermis and hypodermis. The inflammation remains superficial. (see illustration opposite).

Nodules therefore correspond to a deeper attack of the skin and have a long evolution. They are the ones who can leave scars and sometimes have to be evacuated surgically.


Acne: chronic lesions and late consequences

When inflammatory lesions are severe and persist for a long time, they can have consequences on the structure of the skin itself. This is the case in some severe forms of acne, but also on inflammatory lesions that have been manipulated or poorly treated.

Cysts are encapsulated comedones, that is to say surrounded by a fibrous shell that no longer allows drainage of the sebaceous gland outwards. They can persist indefinitely. This type of lesion is mainly found in the back and it is this form of acne, called cystic acne, which most often leaves scars (see illustration above).

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Natural Acne Skin Care Methods for Women and Men

Scars are the most dreaded complication of acne. The disease affecting the face can leave definitive scars. They occur in forms where the inflammation is deep. They can take the appearance of “microcratères” or conversely, scars in relief that correspond to fibrous changes of the skin. In advanced forms, the face can then take on a “hail” appearance.

A very rare complication of acne is called conglobata acne. It is a form of acne that begins in adolescence but gradually extends to the trunk, shoulders, buttocks and roots of the limbs. At the same time, large comedones appear and become inflammatory with the formation of cysts that can fuse and cause multiple scars.

Acne fulminans is a serious development of preexisting lesions of acne that primarily affects men. A sudden thrust is accompanied by fever and sometimes pain in the joints, but the evolution is still favorable.

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Acne: a disease that does not only affect adolescents

If in terms of frequency, acne primarily concerns adolescents, it also affects a growing number of adult women. In adolescents, acne lasts on average 3 to 4 years and then, most often, disappears spontaneously between 18 and 20 years. In adult women, acne is an increasingly common reason for consultation and it is estimated that 20% of women aged 25 to 40 would suffer.

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The disease is different, the lesions are often in small numbers and the nodules predominate, they evolve by outbreaks. The location is also different, acne mainly affects the lower face and predominates in the mandibles. In this context, acne must first look for signs of hyperandrogenism (excess of male hormones), namely excessive hair on the body, hair loss, disorders of the rules (stop or irregularity) and taking weight. If such signs are present, the doctor will look for the cause using the dosage of sex hormones in the blood and sometimes an ovarian ultrasound. But their presence is rare. Most often acne is not associated with hormonal abnormalities. It is then evoked hypersensitivity of their skin to male circulating hormones. In the absence of clear explanation by blood tests, this acne of the adult woman has no known explanation to date, although the role of cosmetics and stress is evoked, but not yet demonstrated.


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The adult man is not spared by acne either, but in his case, it is the back that is most often affected. This probably explains why there are fewer complaints from the latter.

Causes of acne

Genetics, hormones, hygiene … the causes of acne are multiple, but share a constant, the involvement of a germ, the propionibacterium acnes whose proliferation is favored by the retention of sebum.

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Acne and genetics

Genetics play a role in acne. There are indeed family forms and if, for example, two parents are affected, the acne of their child will be more difficult to treat. On the other hand, there are certain populations, near the polar circle, or in isolated islands of South America, which are not affected by acne without it being known whether it is a protection due to heredity or if their lifestyle, particularly their diet, does not allow the disease to develop.

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Proactive Acne Treatment Reviews and Detailed Information for Patients

Acne: hormones and inflammation

What is certain is that sex hormones play an important role in acne. For example, adolescence is the period of life when the sex hormones start to be secreted in quantity, these hormones not only cause major changes in the body, such as the appearance of hair, breasts, the change of voice, but also stimulate the development of sebaceous glands and the production of sebum in quantity resulting in hyper seborrhea (so-called oily skin).

Dependent on androgens (male hormones), this secretion is maximum in adolescence and especially in boys. The ovaries and adrenal glands of women also make these male hormones. This explains why the treatment of acne in women sometimes requires the use of contraception or drugs having an effect on male sex hormones.

Acne Vulgaris Treatment

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Acne: when sebum no longer flows

The second mechanism involved in acne is the closure of the channel through which the sebum flows. It is the superficial cells of the skin, called keratinocytes, which proliferate excessively and find it difficult to eliminate for reasons that are not yet clearly understood.

The other lesions are the consequence of the stagnation of sebum in a confined environment. The tension that develops inside the pilosebaceous follicle, the presence of fat and the closing of the canal, create ideal conditions for the development of a bacterium usually present, but in small quantities, at the bottom of the gland: propionibacterium acnes. This bacterium is able to grow in the absence of oxygen, it is said anaerobic. The bacteria multiply, secrete substances that promote inflammation (redness, pain, heat). It is therefore propionibacterium acnes which is largely responsible for the inflammatory phase of the disease. The reaction to the presence of this abnormal amount of bacteria can cause the rupture of the inflammatory follicle in the deep layer of the skin.

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Proactive Acne Treatment Reviews and Recommendations

Moreover, the production of sebum is the first step in a vicious circle that self-perpetuates the disease: the fatty components of sebum (wax, squalenes, triglycerides) directly accelerate the process. Triglycerides when digested by p. acnes, release free fatty acids which themselves promote inflammation. Wax and squalene, for their part, are irritating and stimulate the appearance of comedones.

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Laser cure for acne

Acne is a disease of the pilosebaceous follicle that affects 85 to 90% of adolescents. In each Europe country, 6 million people suffer from acne leading to 5.4 million medical prescriptions. More than 30% of adult women have “late” acne more or less maintained by a particular hormonal profile or unsuitable contraception.Mainly localized on the face (99%) but also on the back (60%) and the thorax ( 15%) we find 10% of severe forms with a significant risk of definitive scars.

Therapeutically, local treatments associated with adapted cosmetics are prescribed and small doses of antibiotics or Zinc are combined when this acne becomes very inflammatory and pustular. As a last resort, oral isotretinoin will be used for resistant, severe or nodulocystic acne. This treatment is remarkably effective but at the cost of significant side effects. The search for new, equally effective treatments with fewer side effects remains a major challenge and we tend to try light techniques including lasers.


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Laser treatment of acne

The action of lasers on acne will be done either by a reduction of the bacterial load or by the reduction of the size of the sebaceous glands and the production of sebum.

For the antibacterial action we find blue, red, pulsed lights and vascular lasers. It can be admitted that there is little evidence of their effectiveness based on the criteria of “evidence-based medicine” and that these techniques are little used.

For those looking to destroy the sebaceous glands, we can remember infra-red lasers and dynamic phototherapy (PDT).

Among the lasers we find Smoothbeam (1450 nm) and Aramis (1540 nm) which cause fibrosis of the sebaceous glands comparable to that which we have with isotretinoin but rather superficial with these lasers. There are few serious publications on these techniques, but there are good clinical results, especially in adult women with resistant micro-cystic mandibular acne.

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Laser Acne Treatment Tips and Laser Treatment Process

With PDT a photosensitizing product is applied for 3 hours on the skin and then the area is irradiated with a red light.

Under the effect of illumination, the cream becomes active. This technique seems quite effective, especially on inflammatory lesions, but it causes quite significant side effects and remains painful. It is therefore not a first-line treatment and we expect publications on large series to confirm its place in our therapeutic arsenal.

So we see that the ideal light against acne remains to be found but serious studies in the U.S.A. are looking at a wavelength of 1720 nm that would destroy the sebaceous gland while penetrating deeply to be effective.

We will wait for the proof of this effectiveness and today the lasers used in acne are often content to improve the residual scars which can be considered as a failure since the goal is to avoid their appearance.

We will  try to explain Severe Acne and pimple  Treatments, Tips and Detailed Information in our website today.

Acne: new avenues for research

The role of androgen receptors on the cells of the sebaceous glands is already known and it is to other receptors that the research is oriented. The latter are also present in the sebaceous gland and can also stimulate the secretion of sebum. Research in this direction is aimed at developing new molecules that block the receptors involved, thereby lowering the secretion of sebum.

Another line of research concerns the study of enzymes that degrade androgens and cholesterol within the cells of the sebaceous gland and the skin. The role on the occurrence of acne of these two molecules, close in their chemical structure, is known. It is therefore probable that if we can influence their manufacture or their degradation, it will be possible to modify the course of the disease.

Severe Acne Treatments and Recommendations for Patients

In addition, teams studying the cutaneous microbiome (all the germs that colonize the skin here) have highlighted several strains of propionibacterium acnes, some of which are more pathogenic, thus opening the way to therapies that would aim to favor non-strains. pathogens.

Acne: the stress for trigger

The implication of stress in the occurrence of acne seems corroborated by the presence in large numbers of nerve cells near the sebaceous gland. These cells can produce a substance, called substance P, released under the effect of stress that can stimulate the production of sebum. If the research makes it possible to isolate an active ingredient, unknown until now, capable of blocking this substance, it is likely that it will be possible to reduce the production of sebum and thereby reduce the impact of acne.

Acne vulgaris cause

Severe Acne Treatments and Methods for Patients

Acne: indirect actions on the microbe

It also seems interesting to learn more about innate immunity (the one inherited at birth). The presence of propionibacterium acnes stimulates this immunity. Recent researches in particular study chemical molecules capable of blocking certain receptors present on the surface of skin cells called “toll like receptors” and responsible for significant local inflammation when stimulated by propionibacterium acnes. The discovery of a molecule capable of preventing any interaction between the microbe and its receptors would be a new hope to mitigate the effects of the disease.

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Acne and pregnant or lactating women

The CRAT (Reference Center for Teratogenic Agents) informs molecules that can be used in these women.

If treatment is needed, the following molecules can be used:

  • benzoyl peroxide topically whatever the term
  • zinc from the 2nd trimester, being careful if there is another supplement “multivitamin”
  • Oral erythromycin if needed.

The scars on acne

Their care depends on the type of scar, the stability of the acne, the date of end of treatment with isotretinoin, the skin color and will be discussed on a case by case basis between the dermatologist and his patient.

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Acne: tips

Hygiene of life, respect of the prescription of the doctor, sunscreen: simple advices to live in the best with its acne. When the skin is weakened by the treatment, you must know how to take care of it.

Acne: local treatment and lifestyle

Acne improves faster if you associate with the treatment prescribed by your doctor a healthy lifestyle. Tobacco and stress are to be avoided. It is also necessary to take care of one’s skin by using dermo-cosmetic products adapted to acne skin advised by the dermatologist.

It is also very important to follow the prescription and advice of the dermatologist. Although this seems obvious, scientific studies have shown that less than half of acne patients are following their doctor’s prescription correctly! So do not hesitate to talk to your doctor about the difficulties you may encounter in your treatment. He is the ideal person to help you.

The use on the skin of scrubs and masks is aggressive for the skin in general. They should not be used for the duration of the treatment, especially when the skin is particularly weakened by certain drugs such as retinoids.

Acne Vulgaris Treatment

Severe Acne Vulgaris Cures for Women and Men

Acne: avoid the sun

When suffering from acne, it is advisable to avoid exposure to the sun. The immediate improvement that can result initially does not last. A period of secondary thickening of the skin will then aggravate the manifestations of acne. In addition, it can sometimes cause pigmentation (browning) scars.

Finally, taking certain medicines (eg cyclines) must prevent the sun.

Acne: the innocent food

No serious scientific work demonstrates the role of diet in the development of acne.

Is there a link between diet and acne?

Diet is often relied on by patients (chocolate, deli meats) as a trigger for an acne breakout, despite the previously unheard of opinion of doctors. However, the discussion is again relevant since the publication of works showing the absence of acne in “primitive” populations contrasting with the extreme frequency of acne in so-called “developed” countries, more than 17 million Americans have acne vulgaris.

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Severe Acne Vulgaris Tips and Treatment Methods for Patients

What seems acquired today regarding acne-eating links:

  • Dairy products, especially skim milk, consumed in “quantity” aggravates the acne of boys and girls consumers (2 to 3 times / day) compared to those who drink only once a week. The hormones in the milk may be responsible, as well as some components of insulin-stimulating milk and IGF-1 (insulin growth factor) whose elevation is correlated with acne.
  • Foods with a high glycemic index also seem to favor acne. Their absence in the diet of “primitive” populations could explain the absence of acne among these populations. On the other hand, a study has shown that a diet low in carbohydrates decreases the severity of acne, but the respective role of weight loss and action of this diet on IGF-1 was not decided.
  • Nothing is currently demonstrated for chocolate, saturated fats and salt. In total, diet certainly plays a role in the occurrence and / or aggravation of acne. It currently seems reasonable to fight overweight and nibbling and to warn patients against excess milk and fast sugars. On the other hand, no specific diet can be recommended.